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Cells to Society: Native American Heritage/ Endowment / Research News

MedWorm Heart Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 20:12
This study evaluates treatment outcomes from a clinical cohort with task-sharing between a clinical nurse practitioner and a medical officer. The researchers examined opportunities to increase treatment rates for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa.     Read more   Climate Change &n...

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Cells to Society: Native American Heritage/ Endowment / Research News

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 20:12
This study evaluates treatment outcomes from a clinical cohort with task-sharing between a clinical nurse practitioner and a medical officer. The researchers examined opportunities to increase treatment rates for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa.     Read more   Climate Change &n...

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' Old' Lungs May Be Good Transplant Options

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 13:00
Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Lung Transplantation (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
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' Old' Lungs May Be Good Transplant Options

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 08:11
THURSDAY, Nov. 9, 2017 -- Lungs from older donors are a viable option for lung transplants and should be considered more often, a new study suggests. Survival rates for younger recipients of lung transplants from donors older than 60 are similar to... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
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'Old' Lungs May Be Good Transplant Options

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 06:00
Title: 'Old' Lungs May Be Good Transplant OptionsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 11/9/2017 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 11/9/2017 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Lungs General)
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Artificial intelligence may help bridge experience gap for liver CEUS

MedWorm Liver Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 06:00
Can a computer-aided diagnosis system based on machine learning characterize...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Contrast ultrasound clears up picture for renal lesions Ultrasound loses one of its greats in David Cosgrove Contrast image processing boosts ultrasound performance Contrast ultrasound is safe, effective for pediatric patients ARRS: Contrast ultrasound works well for liver lesions (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)

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Older donor lungs should be considered for transplantation

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Thu, 11/09/2017 - 04:00
(Elsevier) With a scarcity of lungs available for transplantation, the use of lungs from donors older than age 60 has been shown to achieve reasonable outcomes and should be considered as a viable option, according to research published online today in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
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Police save lives every day, just not this way — a liver for Sloan

MedWorm Liver Transplant - Wed, 11/08/2017 - 11:59
Sloane and Lt. Tenney A police officer’s job is all about action and reaction. “We see something, react to it and, typically, it’s over quickly,” says Lt. Steve Tenney of the Keene, New Hampshire, Police Department. But on the morning of Sept. 8, while Steve lay in a hospital bed at Lahey Hospital & Medical Center in Burlington, Massachusetts, action/reaction wasn’t part of the equation. This time, there was time to think. Even so, the decision to donate a piece of his liver to save Sloan — a baby he’d never even met — was made without hesitation. “I did what anyone would have done,” he says. Sloan with big brother, Carter Saving Sloan When Sloan St. James was born, she arrived smiling. In the months that followed, her parents Sarah and Chris described her as a happ...

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Muscles out of the spray can

MedWorm Heart Transplant - Tue, 11/07/2017 - 04:00
(Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)) An artificial heart would be an absolute lifesaver for people with cardiac failure. However, to recreate the complex organ in the laboratory, one would first need to work out how to grow multi-layered, living tissues. Researchers at Empa have now come one step closer to this goal: by means of a spraying process, they have created functioning muscle fibers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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What Causes White Nails?

MedWorm Liver Transplant - Sun, 11/05/2017 - 23:47
Discussion The nail matrix covers the area of the nail plate, and extends proximally in a crescent moon shape with the edges of the crescent extending proximally and inferiorly toward the underlying bone. The nail matrix is a multilayered epithelium that physiologically produces keratinization and gives rise to the nail plate. The distal matrix forms the lower 2/3s of the nail plate and the proximal matrix forms the upper 1/3 of the nail plate. the thickness of the nail plate is proportion to the matrix’s thickness. The nail plate’s free edge contour follows the shape of the nail’s lunula. Melanocytes occur in the nail matrix but are 1/6 as numerous as those in the skin epidermis. In the distal matrix about 50% are activable and 50% are dormant. In the proximal matrix alm...

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What Causes White Nails?

MedWorm Heart Transplant - Sun, 11/05/2017 - 23:47
Discussion The nail matrix covers the area of the nail plate, and extends proximally in a crescent moon shape with the edges of the crescent extending proximally and inferiorly toward the underlying bone. The nail matrix is a multilayered epithelium that physiologically produces keratinization and gives rise to the nail plate. The distal matrix forms the lower 2/3s of the nail plate and the proximal matrix forms the upper 1/3 of the nail plate. the thickness of the nail plate is proportion to the matrix’s thickness. The nail plate’s free edge contour follows the shape of the nail’s lunula. Melanocytes occur in the nail matrix but are 1/6 as numerous as those in the skin epidermis. In the distal matrix about 50% are activable and 50% are dormant. In the proximal matrix alm...

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Cancer treatment response may be affected by gut bacteria

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Fri, 11/03/2017 - 16:00
Conclusion This early-stage study gives us some insights into factors that might influence people's responses to a specific type of cancer treatment (immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies). The findings are of interest, but don't have any immediate implications for cancer treatment. We don't know what the conditions that required antibiotic treatment were and whether these could have affected the response to immunotherapy. We don't know whether the antibiotics themselves influenced how well the immunotherapy worked, or whether it was their effect on gut bacteria. We also don't know whether having high levels of particular bacteria improves people's responses to immunotherapy, or whether the immunotherapy somehow influences the levels of specific bacteria. It's unclear whether the f...

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Living with NASH: An Unexpected Diagnosis

MedWorm Liver Transplant - Fri, 11/03/2017 - 06:45
As our waistlines thicken and our activity levels decrease, another chronic illness threatens to disturb our comfortable lifestyles. And, because it ’s relatively unknown, diagnosis comes as a shock to patients, who usually associate liver disease with heavy consumption of alcohol.Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an advanced form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), where fat accumulates in the liver. It is most commonly associated with obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and/or genetic polymorphisms, and is aggravated by inflammation and fibrosis.  First identified in the 1980s, its prevalence has grown rapidly in line with NAFLD, which is now one of the most common liver diseases worldwide. One recent meta-analysis found theglobal prevalence of NAFLD to be ...
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Trends in Chronic HBV and Liver Transplantation Outcomes Trends in Chronic HBV and Liver Transplantation Outcomes

MedWorm Liver Transplant - Tue, 10/31/2017 - 03:14
This study examined trends in liver transplantation waitlist survival and likelihood of receiving a transplant among chronic HBV patients. Have new antiviral therapies improved overall outcomes?Journal of Viral Hepatitis (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)

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Successful cardiogenic shock treatment using a percutaneous left ventricular assist device

MedWorm Heart Transplant - Tue, 10/31/2017 - 03:00
(Osaka University) The Cardiovascular Surgery Group at Osaka University succeeded in minimally invasive treatment of a patient with acute heart failure due to medical treatment-resistant cardiogenic shock by making use of Impella, a percutaneous auxiliary artificial heart, for the first time in Japan. This method is anticipated as a new therapy for treating patients with acute heart failure due to medical treatment-resistant cardiogenic shock. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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How Genomic Research is Changing Heart Care

MedWorm Heart Transplant - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 03:05
Genomic testing is most frequently associated with cancer testing, but this area of research is beginning to make an impact on cardiovascular care. A recent scientific statement by the American Heart Association shined a spotlight on how the expressed genome can potentially be used to diagnose diseases and predict who will develop diseases such as coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, heart failure, and arrhythmias. According to the statement, scientists now have the ability to address disease at many levels that were inaccessible during the past century. This includes the genome, transcriptome, epigenome, proteome, metabolome, cells, tissues, and organs. The authors said each of the omics approaches is still a work in progress, and many of the initial findings have not yet been validated...
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How Genomic Research is Changing Heart Care

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Fri, 10/27/2017 - 03:05
Genomic testing is most frequently associated with cancer testing, but this area of research is beginning to make an impact on cardiovascular care. A recent scientific statement by the American Heart Association shined a spotlight on how the expressed genome can potentially be used to diagnose diseases and predict who will develop diseases such as coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, heart failure, and arrhythmias. According to the statement, scientists now have the ability to address disease at many levels that were inaccessible during the past century. This includes the genome, transcriptome, epigenome, proteome, metabolome, cells, tissues, and organs. The authors said each of the omics approaches is still a work in progress, and many of the initial findings have not yet been validated...

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The importance of addressing poor nutrition in patients with liver failure

MedWorm Liver Transplant - Thu, 10/26/2017 - 03:00
(Wiley) Poor nutrition is common in patients with liver failure, or cirrhosis, and it can lead to muscle wasting, weakness, fatigue, and worse outcomes before and after patients undergo liver transplantation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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Feinstein Institute study looks at impact of a popular pre-heart transplant therapy on the kidney

MedWorm Heart Transplant - Wed, 10/25/2017 - 03:00
(Northwell Health) Scientists, nephrologists and cardiac surgeons from The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and Northwell Health's Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology and Cardio-Thoracic Surgery examined the impact of a popular pre-heart transplant therapy on the kidney in a study published today by The Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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Opera singer performs after double lung transplant

MedWorm Lung Transplant - Tue, 10/24/2017 - 21:59
Charity Tillemann-Dick and her donor's 24-year-old daughter, Esperanza Tufani, sang the song together in front of 200 doctors and executives at a Cleveland medical summit on Tuesday. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
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